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Pena Nieto Encourages Mexicans To Embrace Change

Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto presents his first annual report to the nation during a ceremony before the Congress at his presidential residence in Mexico City on Monday.
Omar Torres
AFP/Getty Images
Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto presents his first annual report to the nation during a ceremony before the Congress at his presidential residence in Mexico City on Monday.

Mexico's President Enrique Pena Nieto says his nation is undergoing a major change — one his country should not fear. Pena Nieto gave an upbeat assessment of his nine-month-old administration in his first State of the Union address on Monday.

Despite his positive review of Mexico's condition, the new president is dealing with chaotic protests in the capital, intractable levels of violence and a less favorable economic outlook than predicted.

He campaigned on the promise of creating a modern and prosperous Mexico. And according to his appraisal, he's done just that.

Wearing the presidential sash, with his trademark gelled pompadour and telegenic delivery, Pena Nieto says he has taken the country on a transformational path — demanding and arduous, yes — but necessary for Mexico's prosperity.

Times have been tough for Pena Nieto, who was forced to postpone his address by one day and move the venue to the secure grounds of the presidential residence. Far away from thousands of striking teachers who have taken over the expansive square in front of the national palace where most state of the union speeches are given.

The teachers have been dogging him for the past two weeks bringing much of the capital's already chaotic streets to a standstill in protest of his education plan.

They've clogged the streets, blocked access to the airport and forced the cancellation of major soccer events. Over the weekend, they skirmished with riot clad police in front of the Congress as lawmakers voted on a national testing plan to evaluate poor performing teachers.

Preschool teacher Anna Allida Vazquez, whose been camped out downtown for the past week and a half, says first Pena Nieto goes after the teachers, next will be the country's oil and other valuable resources.

She says the truth is he is going to sell our territory to foreigners and someone has to take a stand.

Jorge Chabat, a professor at a research center in Mexico City, says Pena Nieto can't back down now. "Basically his whole agenda of reforms is lost. He cannot allow to lose this fight against the teachers."

Chabat says, the president risks looking weak just as he moves to introduce even tougher changes — from revamping the tax code to opening up the state owned oil industry to foreign investment.

Pena Nieto has embarked on an aggressive agenda — successfully overhauling the nation's closed telecommunications industry and changing the way teacher's are hired and fired, which was long under the control of the unions.

He's also nabbed some major names in the drug world, including last month's capture of the head of the ultra-violent Zeta cartel and says he's reduced homicides by nearly 20 percent since taking office.

But he's facing a tough economic outlook. The government recently cut growth projections by more than half to a paltry 1.8 percent by year's end. And there is a growing armed citizen's movement in states where police are unwilling or unable to protect residents from violent organized crime gangs.

Pena Nieto says he respects citizens rights, but adds the government will not tolerate people taking the law into their own hands.

Despite the challenges, Pena Nieto insists Mexico's moment as a modern and prosperous democracy is coming — a line he often repeats while traveling the country.

Now is the time to keep our spirits high and move forward Pena Nieto says. A path the new president has found to have more bumps and complications since taking office.

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Carrie Kahn
Carrie Kahn is NPR's International Correspondent based in Mexico City, Mexico. She covers Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America. Kahn's reports can be heard on NPR's award-winning news programs including All Things Considered, Morning Edition and Weekend Edition, and on