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After a century of waiting, Russians witness a royal wedding once more

Grand Duke George Mikhailovich Romanov and his Italian bride Victoria Romanovna Bettarini exit Saint Isaac's Cathedral following their wedding in St. Petersburg, Russia. Friday's ceremony was billed as the first marriage of a member of the imperial house of Romanov in Russia in over a century.
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich Romanov and his Italian bride Victoria Romanovna Bettarini exit Saint Isaac's Cathedral following their wedding in St. Petersburg, Russia. Friday's ceremony was billed as the first marriage of a member of the imperial house of Romanov in Russia in over a century.

Updated October 2, 2021 at 3:08 PM ET

ST. PETERSBURG, Russia — Descendants of the czarist Romanov dynasty were married in the country's first royal wedding in over a century — kicking off a weekend of lavish events that sparked public curiosity, awe and derision in seemingly equal measure.

Under the dome of St. Isaac's Cathedral in Russia's former imperial capital city, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich Romanov, 40, married his Italian bride, Victoria Romanovna Bettarini, 39, in an Orthodox ceremony on Friday before priests and several hundred guests.

Czarist trappings included an engagement ring "traditionally exchanged in the House of Romanov," according to a press release. "The ring centers a ruby cabochon gemstone that represents love and nobility and two diamond brilliants that represent purity and strength."

The Russian Orthodox Church's top official in St. Petersburg, Metropolitan Varsonofy, blessed the ceremony.

Grand Duke George Mikhailovich Romanov and Victoria Romanovna Bettarini react during their wedding ceremony at Saint Isaac's Cathedral.
Olga Maltseva / AFP via Getty Images
The wedding of the grand duke and Bettarini was billed as the first royal marriage of a member of the imperial house of Romanov in Russia in over a century.

The clout of Russia's ultra-conservative movement was also on display — with the controversial "orthodox oligarch," Konstantin Malofeev, taking a prominent role in the ceremony and the nationalist philosopher Alexander Dugin among prominent guests.

"It's a kind of imperial wedding. A remembrance of eternal Russia — of sacred czars and patriarchs and (the) church," Dugin said in an interview with NPR.

"In an age of 'cancel culture,' when everybody in the West tries to forget your own identity — your own history — Russia offers an alternative process," he added. "We are trying to return to our roots."

Even after their deaths, the Romanovs' story wound through the 20th century

It was in this city in 1917 that the last sitting Russian czar, Nicholas II, was overthrown — setting in motion a grim series of events.

The czarist family — Nicholas, his wife and five children — were eventually banished to the city of Yekaterinburg and later executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in a merchant's cellar.

"Nicholas only had time to say, 'What?' before the bullets starting flying," says Olga Vdovichenko, 32, who guides local tours about the last czarist family.

Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna (left) attends the wedding ceremony of her son, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich Romanov, and Victoria Romanovna Bettarini.
Olga Maltseva / AFP via Getty Images
Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna (left) attends the wedding ceremony of her son, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich Romanov, and Victoria Romanovna Bettarini.

"In the Soviet Union, no one talked about them," she adds. "But growing up, I read everything I could get my hands on."

The Romanovs' later story included a decades-long hunt for the location of the royal family's remains after the Soviets hid the bodies in a surrounding forest and continued debate over their authenticity once discovered.

The interment of most, though not all, of the family's remains in 1998 only further fed the never-ending association of the Romanov name with tragedy and conspiracy.

In that sense, Vdovichenko welcomed Friday's nuptials. "All that matters is that he's ideal in the eyes of his bride," she said.

For once, the Romanovs were not only happy — they were very much alive.

Grand Duke George's family tree is contested

Grand Duke George is the great-grandnephew of Nicholas II. His great-grandfather, the czar's first cousin Kirill, fled Russia after the Revolution.

Yet the grand duke insists even amid a life spent in Western Europe, he never lost his Russian ties.

An honor guard parades around Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg. Despite the imperial trappings of his wedding, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich is not the only Romanov descendant to claim to be heir to the dynasty.
Charles Maynes / NPR
An honor guard parades around St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg. Despite the imperial trappings of his wedding, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich is not the only Romanov descendant to claim to be heir to the dynasty.

"My first language was Russian even though I was born in Spain and raised in France," Romanov said in a recent interview.

"My grandparents raised me on Russian history and culture and poetry. It's always been in my soul," he said.

The grand duke insists he's the hereditary crown prince of the Romanov dynasty — a claim challenged by some family members and Russia-based royal watchers.

"The hereditary laws of the monarchy in Russia are very strict," says Anton Bakov, head of the Russian Monarchy party, which backs a different distant Romanov as the rightful heir to the dynasty.

"I wish George and his bride all the luck, but the rules are the rules," Bakov says in an interview with NPR.

Despite taking up residency in Moscow three years ago, the grand duke insists he has no intention to impose his reign.

He currently runs a royal charitable foundation — issuing grants, not edicts — in celebration of Russian culture and history.

Meanwhile, his bride — Bettarini — comes from a non-noble diplomat's family and converted to the Orthodox Church for the wedding. With her conversion, she replaced her birth name Rebecca with the more Russified Victoria Romanovna.

Well-wishers and curiosity seekers debate what it all means

Outside of St. Isaacs, a crowd of well-wishers and curiosity seekers debated the meaning — if any — of the return of these royals, however distant.

"Without an emperor, Russia can't exist," said Viktor, who like most of the assembled crowd, declined to give his last name. "Russia needs a czar, not a Soviet premier or a president."

"We always knew the Romanovs would return," added his wife, Olga. "We've waited and now it's finally happened."

Russians look on as Victoria Romanovna Bettarini arrives at Saint Issac's Cathedral for her royal wedding to Grand Duke and "crown prince" of the House of Romanov George Mikhailovich Romanov.
Charles Maynes / NPR
Russians look on as Victoria Romanovna Bettarini arrives at St. Isaac's Cathedral. She converted to the Orthodox Church for the wedding and replaced her birth name Rebecca with Victoria Romanovna.

The long-awaited royal atmosphere included goose-stepping soldiers, a parade of women in those English wedding hats, and dukes and duchesses of minor European royal families striding by.

Alexander and Ivan, two visitors from Siberia who happened on the scene, looked on in confusion. They tried — incorrectly — tried to suss out the grand duke's pedigree.

"So let me get this straight," said Alexander. "He's the great great great grand-nephew of Nicholas's third cousin?"

"This royal blood is too watered down," added Ivan to laughter and nods.

Nearby, a man named Oleg was trying — and failing — to sell tickets for canal cruises to tourists. He was slightly miffed that the wedding was pulling away his customers.

"Besides, we already have Mr. Putin," he said, noting Russian President Vladimir Putin was himself practically a monarch after more than two decades in power.

"I'm not sure he needs the Romanovs," he added.

Indeed, the Kremlin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov confirmed that the Russian leader had not sent a congratulatory message to the royal couple.

"In Moscow and St. Petersburg and other cities across Russia, there are weddings every day," Peskov said. "We're happy for all our newlyweds."

Grand Duke George Mikhailovich Romanov kisses Victoria Romanovna Bettarini as they leave Saint Isaac's Cathedral as Russian honor guards salute them at the couple's wedding ceremony.
Olga Maltseva / AFP via Getty Images
The marriage of Grand Duke George Mikhailovich Romanov and Victoria Romanovna Bettarini receives a royal reception. But the Putin administration considered the events just another wedding.

Still, in a country like Russia — with its revolutions and twists of history — seemingly no one was willing to entirely rule out a larger role for the royals.

Certainly, Grand Duke George looked the part as he and his new bride emerged from the church to cheers and an honor guard sword salute.

"It's very unlikely that George Romanov would play some political role in the future of Russia, but who knows?" mused Dugin, the nationalist philosopher, who counts George a friend.

"But we cannot say never," he added. "Never is not Russian."

Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Corrected: October 2, 2021 at 10:00 PM MDT
An earlier version of this story misstated the relationship between Grand Duke George and Nicholas II. George's great-grandfather, Kirill, was the czar's first cousin, not his brother.